CHRONOLOGY: 2016
  • January 1: One surrendered NDFB cadre is killed and another injured in a clash among the group at the outfit's camp at Sudempuri in Kokrajhar town in Kokrajhar district.
  • January 1: A Tura-based businessman, identified as Nanhelal Shah is abducted from near Gairong village under Krishnai Police Station in Goalpara district. Police suspects the hand of the ULFA.
  • January 3: Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh visits Karimganj sector of the India-Bangladesh border in Assam and said the porous border will be sealed by 2016. He said that the two major issues that were stalling the project are protests by locals whose properties would be affected by the fencing and objection by BGB in certain patches - have been resolved. Along with the fencing, the installation of flood lights will also be completed.
  • January 4: After the joint border visit with UHM Rajnath Singh, the AASU submits a memorandum clarifying its stand of not accepting any illegal foreigner entering the State after 1971. AASU leaders Dr Samujjal Kumar Bhattacharyya, Dipanka Kumar Nath and Lurin Jyoti Gogoi discussed several lingering issues with the Minister that included implementation of the Assam Accord, border security, constitutional safeguard, economic development, and the status of illegal migration post 1971. Two memorandums were submitted to the Home Minister in this regard.
  • January 5: ULFA-PTF opens an office in the Hatigaon area in Kamrup district. The office was inaugurated by the outfit's ‘chairman’, Arabinda Rajkhowa.
  • January 7: The SSB and Police arrest a militant of NDFB-S, identified as Nirmal Basumatary (27) from Rangjihoura village in Chirang district.
  • January 7: ULFA ‘General Secretary’ Anup Chetia said that he is not going to put pressure on Independent faction of ULFA (ULFA-I) ‘Commander in Chief (C-in-C)’ Paresh Baruah to come for dialogue with the Central Government.
  • January 7: Top leaders of NDFB-S, including ‘army chief’ G. Bidai and his deputy K. Batha, are hiding in the dense jungles along the Indo-Bhutan border, BTAD IGP L. R. Bishnoi said. Bishnoi said operations as a part of the army's "final push" against the militant group are on. He added that altogether 21 militants of the outfit have been killed, 256 arrested and 185 of its linkmen apprehended since the operation began. A total of 15 AK-56 rifles, 10 AK-47s, two M-16, two HKs, seven Insas rifles, 495 rounds of ammunition, 21 grenades, 81kg of explosives 14 lakh in cash and 12 motorcycles have also been recovered from the outfit's militants, Bishnoi said. The top leaders of the outfit arrested so far include its ‘self-styled deputy commander in chief’ Dwiswrang Daimary alias Dhananjay, ‘self-styled army chief’ Rabi Basumutary alias Rongja Baja, his ‘personal security officer’ Jwnglaw Narzary alias Jekhai and the former ‘personal security officer’ of Bidai, Biron Narzary alias N. Bapeibai. Bishnoi said other than NDFB-IKS militants, 86 militants belonging to various groups like the KLO, RVA, NSLA and the MPTFA were also arrested by SFs last year (2015). According to Bishnoi, fundamentalists trying to gain a foothold in lower Assam Districts had been neutralised, he said, adding that 30 fundamentalists were arrested and 22 country-made arms recovered in 2015.
  • January 9: ULFA ‘general secretary’ Anup Chetia is given the responsibility of leading the peace-talks with the GoI in place of its ‘chairman’ Arbinda Rajkhowa. The decision to lead ULFA talks was taken formally in a central committee meeting which was attended by ULFA ‘chairman’ Arabinda Rajkhowa, ‘vice-chairman’ Pradeep Gogoi, ‘deputy commander-in-chief’ Raju Barua, ‘foreign secretary’ Sasha Choudhury, ‘finance secretary’ Chitraban Hazarika, and several other leaders of the outfit, including Mrinal Hazarika, Jiten Dutta and Pranjit Saikia.
  • January 13: A hardcore cadre of the NSLA, identified as Ram Kishku alias Ram Hembrom is killed in an encounter with Assam Police near Grahampur under Srirampur Police outpost in Gossaigaon subdivision of Kokrajhar district.
  • January 13: George Kuki, claiming to be the ‘self styled in-charge of publicity and information’ of KLF based somewhere in eastern Karbi Anglong district claimed that the outfit, which was formed in 2008 and remained active until 2010, has been revived. KLF remained silent when a faction of the organization formed the UKDA and laid down arms along with the KRA in 2012 at Guwahati, stated George.
  • January 16: Assam Police and Army, in a joint operation, arrest three NDFB-S militants along with a huge cache of arms in Baksa District. Acting on a tip off, Police launched operation at Dolabari area under Barama Police Station in Baksa district and arrested a cadre of the outfit, identified as Ranjit Muchahary.
  • January 16: ULFA is planning to include a few additional points in its charter of demands already submitted to the GoI. Anup Chetia said that he would participate in the next round of talks between the outfit and the GoI. He said that as a charter of demands has already been submitted to the Government, “we will have to request the Government to allow us to add the new points in the charter of demands.”
  • January 16: Three Bodo groups, ABSU, PJACBM and NDFB-P demand a "solution" to the Bodoland issue. Leaders of these groups said they would convey this message to Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his maiden visit to Kokrajhar on January 19. The three Bodo groups, which have been jointly working for the community since 2013, appealed to Modi to "announce a clear-cut policy on creation of Bodoland" as promised in the manifesto of 2014 Lok Sabha polls by the BJP.
  • January 18: Representatives of six ethnic communities of Assam meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati to discuss the issue of granting ST status. Leaders of the communities said the meeting, which lasted for about 15 minutes, failed to get a timeframe on granting ST status. The six communities demanding ST status are Tai Ahoms, Koch Rajbongshis, Morans, Motocks, adivasis and Soteas.
  • January 21: Central Government turns down the offers of the NDFB-S for a ceasefire to start the process of talks. The Centre has also decided not to talk with any insurgent group involved in killing of innocent persons.
  • January 21: Kokrajhar district has the highest number of children who have lost their parents in terrorist attacks, said ADGP of Railway Police, Bhaskar Jyoti Mahanta. "As many as 267 children were affected by militancy in Kokrajhar district, which is the highest in Assam.”
  • January 24: In a joint statement, the United National Liberation Front of Western South East Asia (UNLFWSEA), CorCom of Manipur, GNLA and the HNLC called for the shutdown in the region on January 26.
  • January 25: Assam DGP, Mukesh Sahay gave an alarm call over the growing threat of ISIS in different fronts and use of social media to recruit vulnerable youth to its ranks. Assam stands vulnerable to threat from radical groups like the ISIS because of presence of a large pool of unemployed youth from the backward Muslim community.
  • January 28: Police and Army, in a joint operation, arrest one NDFB-S militant, and a linkman, identified as Kalicharan Brahma (25) from Chirang district.
  • January 30: A jihadi identified as Jahidul Islam (28) was arrested from Gossaigaon in Kokrajhar district.
  • January 31: Chirang Police arrested one jihadi, from Hatigaon in Guwahati in Kamrup district. The jihadi identified as Tota Miya (40) was residing as a tenant at Mina Begum’s residence situated at Masjid Road in Notboma. Police have recovered one 7.65 pistol and two rounds of live ammunition, one magazine and two mobile phones from his possession.
  • February 1: Governor Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya informed the State Assembly that "during 2015, the security forces apprehended 1,449 cadres of different militant groups. The security forces also recovered 577 assorted arms, 15,515 rounds of live ammunition, 58 IEDs, 307 grenades, 144 kg of explosives, 2,979
  • February 3: Members of a newly-floated militant outfit of the Moran community, Moran Tiger Force (MTF) are said to be behind the two incidents of firings happened in Tinsukia district. ADGP (special branch) Pallab Bhattacharya said that police have reports about a new outfit, Moran Tiger Force, floated a week ago.
  • February 4: Assam Police launches an operation to arrest at least 10 jihadi militants, who are now on the run. The operation centres around the BTAD, but various minority-dominated districts of the State have also been alerted.
  • February 4: The CBI, while probing the 2012 BTAD riots, has disclosed the involvement of Islamic elements in the violence.
  • February 4: Written replies to a series of short notice questions in the State Assembly states that eight bloody ethnic clashes in different parts of the State caused deaths of 535 people, including 45 children and 80 women. On the other hand, four militant outfits signed peace deals with the Government and 13 other outfits, including ULFA, declared ceasefire and began peace talks. May 2001, militancy claimed at least 2,275 civilians and 309 security personnel. A total of 2,103 militants were killed and 8,930 others laid down arms. Another 213 people were killed in Police firing.
  • On the crime chart, a total of 19,821 murder cases, 21,556 rape cases, 43,879 cases of kidnapping, 91,419 cases of crime against women, 158 cases of witch-hunts, 4,816 cases of robbery and 43,328 cases of suicide were registered between May 2001 and December 2015.
  • Ethnic clashes during 2001-2015 include the Hmar-Dimasa clash in Dima Hasao district and the Kuki-Karbi clash in Karbi Anglong district in 2003, Karbi-Dimasa clash in Karbi Anglong district in 2005, Muslim-Bodo clash in Darrang and Udalguri districts in 2005, Zemi Naga-Dimasa clash in Dima Hasao district in 2009, Rabha-Garo clash in Goalpara district in 2011, Bodo-Muslim clash in BTAD areas in 2012 and Karbi-Rengma Naga clash in Karbi Anglong district in 2013-14. The State Government informed that 6,658 cases of ethnic clashes were registered. Of these, chargesheets were filed in 159 cases, final reports were submitted in 3,594 cases, 5,353 cases are under investigation, 12 cases were transferred to the CBI and 2,358 cases were amalgamated.
  • Apart from ethnic clashes within the State, another 36 clashes with neighbouring States also took place in which 87 people were killed and 78 injured. Interstate clashes include fights with Mizoram in Hailakandi District in 2003 and 2008 and in Cachar district in 2013, with Meghalaya in Kamrup (Metro) district in 2010 and in Dhubri district in 2013, with Nagaland in Golaghat district in 2002, 2004, 2009, 2014 and 2015, in Sivasagar district in 2005, 2007 and 2015, in Jorhat district in 2013, in Karbi Anglong district in 2014, with Arunachal Pradesh in Dhemaji district in 2001, 2006, 2008, in Lakhimpur District in 2004, 2007, 2008 and 2011, in Sonitpur district in 2013, 2014 and 2015 and in Biswanath Chariali in 2015.
  • February 5: Two incidents of firing took place in Tinsukia district, both by the hitherto-unknown Moran Tiger Force (MTF). Police arrests Surajit Moran, president of the Tinsukia unit of AJYCP from Doomdooma in Tinsukia district for his alleged involvement with the outfit.
  • February 6: Tinsukia police said they are trying to gather more information about MTF. Police found evidence of Moran's involvement with the perpetrators of the two incidents. Unlike militant outfits like ULFA and NDFB-Songbijit, MTF doesn't seem to have any particular leader.
  • February 6: A suspected Islamic State (IS) operative, identified as Suman Aziz Laskar is arrested at SMC in Cachar district. Police launched an operation to arrest three others based on information revealed by him during interrogation. ASP-Cachar, Subhashini Shankaran said the investigation was conducted on the basis of the information revealed by the man adding that some incriminating documents have been recovered from him including a file that contains certain codes of Mumbai and other cities. Reports also said that during interrogation, the arrested person said he was involved with a Bangladesh-based terror group and that he hails from Bangladesh.
  • February 7: The State Government has written to the UMHA asking the latter to facilitate formal deportation of suspected Myanmarese nationals, currently lodged in the detention camps of Assam, through diplomatic channels. The letter, written by the Home Department at Dispur, has also requested the UMHA to pursue the matter with the MEA so that the nationality of the Myanmarese nationals, caught in Assam from time to time, can be cross-checked after which the process could be started.
  • February 7: Reports state that the MEA had already taken up the matter with its counterpart in the neighbouring country. In the letter to the UMHA, the Home Department had sent a list of 28 Myanmarese nationals, which also comprises Rohingya Muslims who had fled the neighbouring country fearing their lives. These also include women and children, according to official sources. The 28 Myanmar nationals, who were lodged in the detention camps situated in Goalpara, Kokrajhar and Silchar after their arrest, are now being shifted to the new detention camp in Tezpur. The State has six detention camps, including one each in Dibrugarh and Jorhat.
  • February 8: A ‘platoon commander’ of the NDFB-S, identified as Uday Narzary alias N. Khilikhang (30), wanted for the Adivasi massacre of December 23, 2014, is killed in an encounter with security forces in Chirang district.
  • February 9: Two militants of the PLF-M, identified as Babul Momin and (Energy) Momin, were beaten to death by a mob at Rowmari Garopara area under Rongjuli Police Station in Goalpara district.
  • February 10-11: Based on intelligence input about NDFB-S militants holed up deep in the jungles of Rowta Reserve Forest North of Mazbat town (Udalguri district) bordering Arunachal Pradesh, a 48 hour long search and destroy mission was conducted by the Army and Udalguri Police and arrested two persons from the camp location.
  • February 14: Indian Army and Kokrajhar Police killed two militants of the NDFB-S at Auzarguri in Kokrajhar district.
  • February 15: Suspected Garo militants abduct an owner of a grocery shop, identified as Laldev Shah (Basu), from Bakharapara village in Bongaigaon district. Laldev Shah was returning home at Dhupdhara in Goalpara district at around 5 pm when armed militants allegedly kidnapped him from Bakharapara village at gunpoint.
  • February 16: Army launches a combat operation near Assam and Arunachal Pradesh border and killed four militants in Na Kathalguri village under Bordumsa Police Station in Tinsukia district. Three of them were from NSCN-K and the fourth one was from the ULFA-I.
  • February 17: ULFA leader Anup Chetia, while urging for peace and harmony among all the ethnic tribes of the State, cautioned the divisive forces which tried to destroy the age-long communal harmony in the State.
  • February 21: ULFA leader Aup Chetia holds a meeting with the ceasefire groups of militant organizations like KLNLF, former DHD, UKDA and KRA. The chairman of the KLNLF, P Dilli said that they would like to form the ‘Martyrs’ Trust’ with the ULFA. During the meeting, Thong Teron, general secretary, publicity secretary, Rejak Dera of KLNLF, former DHD leader Pranab Nunisa, Alex Kuki, general secretary, UKDA and Bruce Kuki, leader of KRA were present.
  • February 25: A joint team of Army and Police arrests three NDFB-S militants, identified as Bhubneswar Boro (36), Sarjib Basumatary (27) and Lepho Boro (30) from Barimakha village near Mochalpur in Baksa district.
  • February 26: Police arrests three suspects, belonging to NDFB-S, identified as Sanjay Brahma, Nerswn Brahma, and Ramen Basumatary, from Tipkai Harjhora village in Kokrajhar district and recovered INR 36,500, two cell phones and a wallet from their possession.
  • February 26: Five days after abduction, a trader of the Lamajuar area in Karimganj district, identified as Abdul Kalam (52), was rescued by the Police.
  • February 29: A team of Army personnel from Deumornai Army camp along with Assam Police launched a joint operation and arrested five cadres of NDFB-S under Khairabari Police station in Udalguri district.
  • February 29: A delegation of ULFA leaders, led by its ‘chairman’ Arabinda Rajkhowa, meets Union Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi in his office in New Delhi and reviewed the progress of their ongoing talks. It was decided that the formal tripartite meeting of ULFA leaders with the Home Secretary and representatives of Government of Assam will be held in the middle of March, a Home Ministry spokesperson said.
  • March 4: The ‘deputy commander-in-chief’ of the KLO identified as Dibankar Barman alias Anupal alias Jabarjung alias Raghav, is killed by security forces at Siljan Kakrikola area in Kokrajhar district.
  • March 7: Two ULFA linkmen, identified as Hiren Gogoi alias Rabin (24) and Hemakanat Changmai alias Jatin alias Pinku, both belonging to Deoghoriya village of Lakhipather under Digboi Police Station in Tinsukia district are arrested by joint forces of District Special Team and Digboi Police.
  • March 8: Based on specific information, Army and Baksa Police launches a joint operation arresting a cadre of the NDFB-S identified as Namal Boro (28), from Alagjhar village under Barama olice Station in Baksa district.
  • March 13: Two militants of the ULFA-I surrender before security forces in Tinsukia district after security forces launched operation against them. A group of UNLFWSEA and some other extremist organizations entered Upper Dihing Reserve Forest in Tinsukia on March 8. Police official said the group was a conglomerate of ULFA-I, PLA, KYKL, and NSCN-K and was led by self-styled 'Lieutenant' Prodip Gogoi alias Akon and their intention was to carry out subversive activity in Tinsukia before or after March 16, which is "ARMY DAY" of ULFA-I.
  • March 14: The NIA submitted a supplementary charge sheet before the Special NIA Court in Guwahati (Assam) against three NDFB-S militants in connection with the killing of five Adivasi people at Pakhriguri village under Serfanguri Police Station in Kokrajhar district on 23 December 2014.
  • March 17: Army and Assam Police in a joint operation arrest three NDFB-S militants in Chirang district.
  • March 20: A JMB operative, Asad Ali alias Asadullah, an associate of Bardhaman blast (October 2, 2014) accused Sahanur Alom is arrested while trying to cross over from Bangladesh at Sutarkandi in Karimganj district. The fugitive was arrested in an operation led by Karimganj SP Pradip Ranjan Kar on basis of a tip-off. Confirming Ali's arrest, Assam DGP Mukesh Sahay said that he was one of the six JMB activities of the state who went underground after the arrest of Sahanur and other members of this group.
  • March 22: Two hardcore militants of the NDFB-S are arrested by the army from Jaljali village under Rangia Police Station in Kamrup district.
  • March 30: Two Bru (Reang) militants were killed in an encounter with the Police in Ramshantipur locality in Hailakandi district. Two persons, who had been abducted by them, were rescued.
  • April 1: Two militants of KPLT, which is opposing the upcoming Assembly polls in Assam, were killed in an encounter with a joint team of Police and the Army at Borpung Terang village in Karbi Anglong district.
  • April 3: Army launched a joint operation with Bongaigaon Police and arrested one RNLF cadre from North Salmara in Bongaigaon district. The arrested militant has been identified as Sunil Rabha alias Chinese.
  • April 4: Two persons are killed and over twenty others injured in a powerful grenade attack at Dudhnoi in Goalpara district of Assam. Sources said two motorcyclists lobbed the grenade near a BJP election office at Dudhnoi Chariali under Dudhnoi Police Station.
  • April 5: One Assam Police commando, Swapan Nath, and a hardcore cadre of the ULFA-I are killed in an encounter in Krishnai area in Goalpara district.
  • April 5: The death toll in on April 4 blast goes up to three, with Dipankar Saha (23), succumbing to his injuries at Guwahati Medical College and Hospital. The other two deceased have been identified as Ajit Dutta (40) and Bapan Saha (35), District President of AABYCF. Altogether 25 persons, including four policemen, were injured in yesterday's blast.
  • April 5: Two militants of the newly formed militant outfit UKPLA (United Karbi Peoples Liberation Army) were arrested by Police and arms along with ammunition were recovered from them in Karbi Anglong district.
  • April 6: The army in a joint search operation with Dhubri Police arrest one MTFA militant, Mohammad Sahidul Islam Miah, from Rupsi near Basbari in Dhubri district.
  • April 17: The Kokrajhar and Chirang Police, in a joint operation, arrest four suspected jihadis, identified as Abu Bakar Siddique, Jahanur Alam Sheikh, Samad Ali Mandal and Azizul Sheikh from three different locations in Kokrajhar district. A grenade, a revolver, seven rounds of M20 ammunition, two army camouflage dresses and five mobile phones were recovered from their possession.
  • April 18: Army launches a joint operation with Kokrajhar Police in general area of Mainaguri in Kokrajhar district and arrest a cadre of NDFB-S, identified as Bipul Mushahary alias Bigrai Mushahary from the mobile check post on road Mainaguri-Siyalmari.
  • April 20: The Chirang Police arrests seven suspected cadres of JMB from two different areas in the Chirang district. Five of them were nabbed from the Dawkanagar area. Two others, including the imam of Rajapara Masjid, Joynal Abedin, are arrested from the Amguri area in Chirang district. Besides Joynal, the other arrested suspected JMB cadres were identified as Rezzak Ali, Soleman Ali, Dildar Ali, Md Nurul Islam, Rafiqul Islam and Ukhiluddin.
  • April 21: The Government of India makes it clear that no militant outfit under ceasefire agreement, including the NSCN-IM, would be allowed to indulge in unlawful activities and the concerned State governments should take strict actions against anyone involved in such illegal activities.
  • April 21: Police arrest two cadres of BRA-U, identified as Aranjay Reang (25), 'self styled commander' and Boilaram Reang (24), his trusted cadre, from the premises of the Court in Silchar in the Cachar district. According to source, this arrest shows that the Bru militants of the breakaway faction of BNLF of Mizoram and ULFBV are still active in the region. There have been several cases of kidnappings and extortions against them and other cadres in Karimganj and Hailakandi Police stations.
  • April 22: The seven suspected cadres of JMB arrested by Police on April 20 are remanded in Police custody for three days after they were produced in a court at Kajalgaon.
  • April 23: According to statistics given by the State Police force, the number of extortion cases kept on increasing every year from 2006 to 2015. According to statistics given by the Assam Police, the number of extortion cases in 2006 in the State was 460 that rose to 574 in 2007, to 626 in 2008, to 645 in 2009, to 909 in 2010, to 992 in 2011, to 1074 in 2012, to 1214 in 2013, to 1357 in 2014 and to 1361 in 2015.
  • April 24: Army and Rupshi Police arrest a Muslim Fundamental Organisation cadre, identified as Zahidul Islam, of Gobindapur village of Barpeta district, at Rupshi under Kazigaon police station in Kokrajhar district.
  • April 27: A senior leader of the ULFA-I, identified as ‘sergeant major’ Rongmon Asom alias Mecuri is killed in an encounter with Army at Talpathar village in Tinsukia district.
  • April 28: Eleven persons, mostly from the Hindi-speaking community, are injured when a suspected IED exploded in Devi Pukhuri Paanchali of Tinsukia district. The explosion occurred in a garbage bin in front of a shop owned by one Upendra Yadav around 7.40 pm.
  • April 28: A crude bomb explodes in front of the main gate of a tea manager's bungalow at Padumoni estate in Tinsukia district around 2 am. There is no casualty in the attack. ULFA-I is suspected to be behind it.
  • April 29: Alleged jihadi forces in western Assam districts are trying to establish links with arms smugglers of Nagaland and Myanmar to gain direct access to the underground market of sophisticated arms. This came to light during an investigation of the growth of jihadi forces in the state following the arrest of 29 alleged militants across BTAD in recent times. Questioning of the arrested cadres revealed they were befriending gunrunners in Nagaland and Myanmar. Police teams had recovered eight handmade AK-47 lookalike rifles in a raid earlier.

Top